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They range from less than 1 cm to several cm in width, but might extend dozens of metres in length.198.
Owing to their own wood-eating customs, many termite species can do significant damage to unprotected buildings and other wooden structures.199 Termites play an important function as decomposers of wood and vegetative material, and the conflict with humans happens where structures and landscapes containing structural wood components, cellulose derived structural materials and ornamental vegetation provide termites with a trusted source of food and moisture.200;Their habit of remaining concealed often results in their presence being undetected until the timbers are seriously damaged, leaving a thin coating of a wall which protects them in the environment.201 Of the 3,106 species known, only 183 species cause damage; 83 species cause significant damage to wooden structures.199 In North America, 18 subterranean species are pests202; in Australia, 16 species possess an economic effect; in the Indian subcontinent 26 species are considered pests, and in tropical Africa, 24.
Dampwood termites only attack timber material exposed to rainfall or dirt.199.
Drywood termites thrive in warm environments, and human activities can enable them to invade homes since they can be transported through contaminated products, containers and boats.199 Colonies of termites have been seen thriving in hot buildings located in cold regions.203 Some Realtors are considered invasive species. Cryptotermes brevis, the most widely introduced invasive termite species in the entire world, has been introduced to all the islands in the West Indies and to Australia.37199.
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In addition to causing damage to buildings, termites can also damage food crops.204 Termites can attack trees whose resistance to damage is reduced but generally ignore fast-growing plants. Most strikes occur at harvest time; plants and trees are attacked during the rainy season.204
The damage brought on by termites costs the southwestern United States roughly $1.5 billion every year in wood construction harm, but the true cost of damage worldwide cannot be determined.199205 Drywood termites are responsible for a large proportion of the harm caused by termites.206 The goal of termite control is to maintain structures and vulnerable ornamental plants free from termites.207; Structures may be houses or business, or elements such as wooden fence posts and telephone poles.
Termite monitors made of wood or cellulose adjacent to a structure may also provide indication of termite foraging activity where it's going to be in conflict with humans. .
To better control the population of termites, various techniques have been designed to track termite movements.205 One early method involved distributing termite bait laced with immunoglobulin G (IgG) markers proteins in rabbits or chickens. Termites gathered from the field could be tested to your rabbit-IgG markers using a rabbit-IgG-specific assay.
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Termites bearing these proteins can be tracked using a protein-specific ELISA evaluation.205.
These flying alates were collected as they came from the nests in the ground during the first days of the rainy season.
43 termite species are used as food by humans or are fed to cows.208 These insects are particularly important in less developed countries where malnutrition is common, as the protein from termites can aid in improving the human diet. Termites are consumed in many regions worldwide, but this practice has only become popular in developed nations in recent years.208.
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Termites are consumed by people in many different cultures around the world. In Africa, the alates are an important element in the diets of native populations.209 Tribes have different ways of collecting or cultivating insects; occasionally tribes collect soldiers out of several species. Though harder to acquire, queens are considered as a delicacy.210 Termite alates are high in nutrition with adequate levels of fat and protein.
Termites are generally eaten when livestock is lean and tribal plants have not yet developed or produced any meals, or if food stocks out of an earlier growing season are limited.209.
In addition to Africa, termites are consumed in local or tribal areas in Asia and North and South America. In Australia, Indigenous Australians know that termites are edible but view publisher site do not consume them even in times of scarcity; there are few explanations as to why.209210 Termite mounds are the main resources of land consumption (geophagy) in many countries including Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.211212213214 Researchers have suggested that termites are appropriate candidates for human consumption and Click Here space agriculture, since they are high in protein and can be utilized to convert inedible waste into consumable products for humans.215.